Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) play a crucial role in addressing various social, cultural, and environmental issues in society. While these organizations are primarily non-profit, managing finances effectively and maximizing funding is critical for their sustained operation. One of the ways NGOs can enhance their financial sustainability is through tax savings, which can be significantly achieved through registrations under sections 12A and 80G of the Income Tax Act, 1961 in India. This article explores how NGOs can benefit from these provisions to save on taxes and attract more donations.

Understanding 12A and 80G Registrations

12A Registration: Section 12A of the Income Tax Act allows NGOs to gain exemption from paying taxes on their surplus income. This is crucial as it enables the organization to allocate more resources towards achieving its objectives rather than paying a portion as income tax. The registration under section 12A is a one-time process and is valid until it is revoked.

80G Registration: Section 80G deals with donations made to charitable organizations. f an NGO is registered under 80G following successful NGO registration, its donors can claim deductions on their taxable income, making it an attractive proposition for donors. This not only benefits the donors but also encourages more philanthropic contributions to the NGO, potentially increasing its funding.

Benefits of 12A and 80G Registrations

For the NGO:

  1. Tax Exemption: With 12A registration, an NGO doesn’t have to pay tax on its surplus funds, which includes donations, grants, and other incomes.
  2. Enhanced Credibility:  12A and 80G  registration can enhance the NGO’s credibility among donors and governmental bodies.
  3. Eligibility for Grants: Many government and private bodies prefer to grant funds to NGOs that hold 12A and 80G certifications.

For the Donors:

  1. Tax Deduction: Donors get a substantial deduction under section 80G for the amount donated, making it financially beneficial for them to support.

How to Obtain 12A and 80G Registrations

Eligibility Criteria:

Documentation and Process:

Tax Saving Strategies Using 12A and 80G

  1. Maximize Donations: With 80G certification, an NGO can appeal to the philanthropic sense of potential donors by highlighting the tax benefits they will receive.
  2. Compliance and Transparency: Regular compliance with tax laws and maintaining clear and transparent account books can help in the smooth renewal of these registrations.
  3. Educate Donors: Regular workshops or seminars for potential donors to explain the tax benefits of donating to an 80G certified NGO can boost donations.

Maintaining Compliance

To retain the benefits of 12A and 80G registrations, an NGO must:

Challenges and Considerations

While 12A and 80G registrations offer significant benefits, obtaining and maintaining them requires careful planning and adherence to the rules. The process can be bureaucratic and time-consuming, and any non-compliance can result in the revocation of these benefits.


The strategic use of 12A and 80G registrations can significantly aid in tax savings for NGOs, enhancing their ability to fund and expand their charitable activities. By understanding and leveraging these provisions, NGOs can not only save on taxes but also attract more donations due to the added tax benefit to their donors. This financial acumen plays a critical role in the sustainability and growth of NGOs in fulfilling their mission to bring about positive change.

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